In the eighteenth and XIXI centuries, a well-known phenomenon was given in Andalusia and due to the writings of European and American authors, they have resulted in part of the romantic legend of the region. This phenomenon is the banditry.
At this time of great social differences at the economic level, groups of men flourished, who were engaged in the assault and pillaging of stagecoaches, wagons and other vehicles that ventured to travel the Andalusian roads. Subsequently to these lootings, they took refuge in Sierra Morena, sprinkled with holm oaks, showers, cork oaks and caves that no one ventured to visit because of the dangerousness.
Many of these bandits appeared with the motive of always, profiting at the expense of the neighbor, however others enjoyed the respect and admiration of the people of walk who saw them as heroes in the fight against the established power and the inequalities. They stole the rich to give it to the poor and get the approval of the lower classes. Many of these bandits, however, committed atrocities that they would never forget.
Its areas of action were the paths near Sierra Morena and the betic system. His “modus operandi” as a general rule was similar. An errand was assaulted by a group of several men on horseback, armed with blunderbusses and knives and in some cases hid their faces with handkerchiefs, however some of the most famous did it to face discovered that a for some cases was their downfall as they passed Finally by the gallows.
The end of these bandits used to be when they were already surrounded by justice and the use of reward as an incentive resulted in betrayals that ended with the leader executed and later quartered as an example.
The most famous of the Andalusian bandits were José Ulloa “El Tragabuches” of Arcos de la Frontera (Cádiz), nicknamed because his father ate a fetus of ass in marinade and inherited his nickname, its legend gave place to “the seven children of Écija” although they were not seven nor were of all He started his time of wrongdoing after killing his unfaithful wife, Joaquín Camargo “El Vivillo”, who escaped justice without being able to prove anything although his end was suicide by depression when he became a widower, the next one was probably the most known Do, José María Hinojosa “El Tempranillo”, knowledgeable of the terrain and wrapped in a halo of legend in which he mentions his gratitude to the poor and his exquisite manners to the ladies, also when he stormed errands, never left them in the lurch but with enough money To survive.
Another celebrated bandit was Francisco Rios González “El Perpanas” for the opposite of the previous, his barbarism and his violence led him to banditry only to satisfy his most animal instincts. Of him there are many atrocities. He was a native of Estepa, Seville, and was killed in an ambush by the Guardia Civil.
Diego Corrientes, known as “The Generous Bandit”, was known for his enmity with Don Francisco de Pruna, responsible for the justice of Seville with which he had a hard fight until he was captured and executed. He never had any blood crimes.
The phenomenon of the banditry was released beyond the Pyrenees by European authors such as Washington Irving or Charles Davillier, who got to know in part Andalusia and its history and to give a halo of exaggeration very typical of the Romantic era. This has given rise to a phenomenon in which Andalusian culture itself is immersed and which has finally led to its being known.
We recommend the Museum of Banditry de Ronda (Málaga) as a compulsory visit, and obligatory readings such as “Trip through Andalusia” by Charles Davillier or “The Last Bandits” by José María de Mena.