Tartessos, that enigmatic civilization that gives name to the web and of which today there is still uncertainty about its origin and its end, is still in these times an attraction to the archaeologists and historians who try to decipher their mysteries and to clarify an episode of The history of Antigua of Andalusia.
While still doing studies without getting with the key, we should mention a person who was a pioneer in the studies of this lost civilization. If Troy had his Schliemman, Tartessos aspired to have his own discoverer archaeologist who did not reach the end but became a pioneer. We refer to the also German Adolf Schulten.
Adolf Schulten, was obsessed with the search for Tartessos beginning first by the study of the classical sources like the Bible where the trade was mentioned with Tarsis or Greek sources like Herodotus, Estrabon and other authors who mentioned their trips to Tartessos, beyond the Pillars of Hercules.
Knowing these literary sources, Schulten went to Andalusia convinced of the existence of the mythical kingdom where according to the Greek sources was governed by the King Argantonios who lived more than 120 years and ruled close to a century. The literary sources mentioned that Tartessos was a rich kingdom where silver and copper shone in abundance and where villages like the Phoenicians arrived to establish commercial relations. This kingdom would have a capital that according to literary sources could be at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, others in the middle course or even in some cases near the Sierra Morena by the logic of the abundance of silver in that area.
However, in the knowledge of these Greek literary sources, where the richness of the city was mentioned with important buildings and a commercial port in a river, its search began in the area of the mouth of the Guadalquivir, the Doñana area and the marshes area. Del Odiel, Huelva.
Its search did not give with any mythical city, which it also related to the Disappeared Atlantis, nevertheless found remains of a Roman city in the zone of Huelva capital and although it interpreted the literary texts almost to the letter, it served to create Precedent. Only the World War (began its studies in the 1920s) and the end of funds to finance their excavations ended their dream.
Today, something else has been approached by scientists with discoveries of remains and treasures in the Disappeared Ebora (Sanlúcar de Barrameda) and the Treasure of the Lamb in Seville. Although today the theories are several coming to say that Tartessos was a fusion of local culture with the Phoenician oriental influence, we can not obviate that Schulten gave the shot to this race that is not yet over.
The moment you discover something more about this enigmatic civilization, many will be the homages and recognitions that will have to receive this German scholar who tries to discover a little more of our origin.