This denomination, is not only a title, but it also gives protection, disclosure and possibility of financing to recover and consolidate them and that the rest of humanity can enjoy them due to their historical and anthropological character. Many of these assets represent the footprint of the different cultures that passed through our region that are testimony to this.The World Heritage properties located in Andalusia that we will describe are:
- The city of Granada located in the vega of the same name with the incomparable setting of the white landscape of Sierra Nevada, shows us the Albaicín, a neighborhood of Arab origin with its steep zigzagging streets and its flavor reminiscent of Nasrid times. We can also enjoy walks through the river Darro and up through the neighborhood to the viewpoint of San Cristóbal, from where we can see the main monument of the city, the Nazari Palace of the Alhambra, the red, for its initial decoration , where we can get lost among its different rooms such as the Abencerrajes or the famous Patio de los Leones with its marble lions fountain restored. The decoration of the palace with its. Within the same Nasrid palace from the 13th century, we find the palace of Charles V of Renaissance origin. Near the Alhambra, we find the gardens of the Generalife, a garden for the enjoyment of the Taifa kings with numerous ornamental plant species and that reminds us of past times and where romantic travelers like Washington Irving were inspired.
ALHAMBRA DE GRANADA ALHAMBRA DE GRANADA
- Mosque of Córdoba, Judería and Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos. The city of Córdoba as a whole is also part of this list where we can discover the zigzag streets of the Jewish quarter, with balconies and whitewashed houses and patios decorated with flowers. Walking through the Jewish quarter we arrive at the Mezquita -Cathedral, a building whose origin was a Visigothic church of which there are remains although most of the construction date from the 9th-10th century during the time of the Abderramán caliphs, where we can contemplate the arches of half a point combined with horseshoe arches on Roman columns used for this. We can contemplate the mihrab and the quibla as well as the later constructions of the Christian era such as Gothic domes and the minaret transformed into a Renaissance tower. Do not forget to visit the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos, a palace of Roman origin, transformed from the Islamic period and the residence of Muslim and Christian gyrfalcons after the conquest.
- Alcazar, Cathedral and Archive of the Indies of Seville. The Alcazar represents a building built in X century and later reforms of which we got most of the Mudejar era with Muslim decoration in the fourteenth century, geometric type and huge rooms decorated with gilded domes, a dream palace to enjoy full of history. Recently, the Palace of King Taifa poet Almotamid, from the 11th century, has been discovered and will be included in the protection zone. The Cathedral of Seville is the second largest in Christianity, where various styles such as Gothic, Renaissance, Neo-Gothic and the remains of a minaret (Giralda) with almost 100 meters high and a courtyard of Almohad origin that creates a contrast worthy of contemplation with the patio of the orange trees and a source of Visigothic origin. The last of the buildings is the Archivo de Indias, initially the academy founded by Murillo and today archive of documents related to the time of Spanish America, today also home to numerous artistic and cultural exhibitions.
- Historical centers of Úbeda and Baeza: The two cities of Jaén are a cluster of monuments of Renaissance origin constituted as masterpieces of the architect Andrés de Valdenvira, with its cobbled streets, churches like El Salvador in Úbeda, the cathedral of Baeza and many places like the headquarters of the UNIA that are true examples of Renaissance beauty. The two cities allow us to submerge in the sixteenth century and the structure of its streets and buildings has hardly changed at that time.
- Doñana National Park: Constitutes the natural World Heritage, the most important wetland in Europe with important animal species such as the imperial eagle and the Iberian lynx, emblems of the Iberian fauna. Doñana is a paradise for birds and a place for ornithological tourism linked to the Aldea del Rocío, as a tradition nestled in an enviable natural space. Doñana, although it is within the protection of UNESCO, always has threats either by nature or by the scourge of the human being.
- It shows us a set of places related to rock art, with a naturalistic and narrative art, an exclusive cultural manifestation of this geographical area. It is framed within the Levantine Art whose Andalusian part is located in Jaén, Granada and Almería, in which four nuclei can be distinguished that, grouped geographically, would be those of the Region of the Vélez (Almería and Granada) and those of Sierra Morena, Quesada and Sierra de Segura in Jaén. The Levantine paintings were made in shallow shelters and even in vertical walls, most of which contain only paintings, usually figures with simple profiles and flat inks.
- Dolmens of Antequera: Constituted by the Dolmen of the Menga, Viera and Romeral, located in Antequera (Málaga). It constitutes a monumental megalithic group of great importance in the South of the Iberian Peninsula. The three prehistoric monuments are located in the background of two landscapes worthy of contemplation such as the Peña de los enamorados (that mountain in the form of a sleeping face) and the natural space of the Torcal de Antequera. The dolmen of the Menga and Viera are two sepulchral megalithic monuments in the form of a corridor, formed by blocks of stones superimposed and covered by a mound. The romeral is a tomb in the shape of Tholos (circular construction), underground with a vaulted chamber covered with masonry.
- Medina Azahara: city of residence of the caliphs founded a few kilometers from the capital of Cordoba, back in the tenth century by a promise of Caliph Abderramán III to his wife Azahara according to legend. Sus Its palaces and luxurious buildings decorated with horseshoe arches, showed the luxury of the caliphal court and salons like the ambassadors that today thanks to virtual reality we can contemplate. Nowadays it is even possible to visit it at night which gives a beauty to this monument, recently named a World Heritage Site and which becomes the last of the places, for the moment, with this denomination.