Now that it gets dark sooner, and this is the beginning of the rainy season, the phenomenon of the deer’s bellowing begins. In autumn from September in some cases and continuing throughout the month of October, male deer prepare for zeal.
The male deer, begin with their songs known as rascal to attract all possible females. They show their male credentials with their horns well developed and formed and whose songs can be heard for miles around.
The activity of the males in heat with their songs is extended throughout the day although they can be heard more at dawn as in the evening, in some cases, nights of great noise.
After the bellowing, the males fight among themselves to obtain the right to have all the possible females as a harem and to mate with them being pregnant and later giving birth at the end of the following winter.
Likewise the voices of the bellow resound, you can also hear the noises of the horns crashing, often giving bloody battles in which the loser ends up in some cases badly wounded, however the winner gets the prize of all the females.
Andalusia, is where the deer lives, known as deer in these areas, and there are numerous natural areas where they live and you can contemplate this annual phenomenon of nature:
Natural Park Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas (Jaén): in the 70s, the documentary series “The Man and the Earth” by Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente, showed these ungulates in the process of rutting, in the area of Swamp del Tranco. Today you can see the largest population of deer congregated in this area from the peaks, where live the vultures and the bearded vulture, which surround these waters belonging to the Guadalquivir river, where they come down to drink.
Natural Park Alcornocales (Cádiz / Málaga): This natural area is the highest concentration of Cork oaks in Europe, and because of its orography and proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, affected by humidity and west winds, it is an area of birds such as Aguilar real, griffon vulture, and other raptors. It is also the only example of European subtropical forest, in the valleys where humidity condenses giving rise to laurel forests, and insect species in some cases endemic. In this unique space, there are about 35,000 deer that show their bellowing between the area of the port of Galiz and the Sauceda. Lacking natural predators, hunting is allowed in the established time.
Natural Park of the Sierra de Hornachuelos (Córdoba): The last and supposed redoubt of the Iberian wolf in Andalusia (there is no record of its presence for decades), the deer also performs its rutting activity specifically in the area near the banks of the Bembézar reservoir. According to the water, we can see more deer approach, but as in Tranco marsh, they meet in that area to drink and also to procreate.
Natural Park of the Sierra de Norte de Sevilla: The last redoubt corresponds to an area known as dehesas (cattle grazing area with Mediterranean forest), world heritage site, where deer also live with pigs. It is more common to see these animals in the process of bellowing between dusk and dusk since the rest of the day and due to the heat, they just rest. In the area near Almadén de la Plata, from the village itself, it is a spectacle to hear the deer’s songs throughout the night as a scandal of nature itself.
We advise for these activities not to approach the animals and to stay on the sidelines as not to feed them and limit the use of perfumes so as not to confuse them.
The bellows, represents one of the natural spectacles offered by nature in Andalusia.