The Columbian places of Andalusia

Andalusia due to its geographical location was of vital importance for the creation of Spanish America. .As a gateway to the Atlantic, it has several locations such as places in Colombia where we can enjoy the monuments and their history. The Columbian Andalusia shows us a route of monuments, history and characters that participated in the conquest and exploitation of America.

On October 12, the national day and the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus occurred in 1492. With this discovery began the American adventure that lasted approximately 300 years.On this route we will show you five places related to this part of Spanish history.

1) Seville.The capital of Andalusia was the protagonist of the preparation before the voyages of Columbus, the discovery of America, the return to the world, the subsequent commercial exploitation in the American colonies. The route would begin in a space where the fifth centenary was celebrated at Expo 92, specifically the monastery of Santa María de las Cuevas, located on the island of the Carthusian monastery and which was originally an Almohad pottery factory and later became a monastery of the Carthaginian order at the end of the fourteenth century.  This monastery has Mudejar Gothic style like most of the religious buildings of that time in the city. The monastery was the place of residence and study of Christopher Columbus to know the possible routes to find the Asian continent (it was what he was looking for initially). Columbus became a friend of the abbot who gave him the opportunity to study the various manuscripts present in the religious space.

 Legend has it that Christopher Columbus himself planted a Quercus tree which is still alive 500 years later in one of his homelands. This space contained pictorial works currently preserved in the Museum of Fine Arts of Seville, and we can not help but admire the structures such as the arches and architectural elements of the Mudéjar Gothic.

archivo de indias Indian file

 Another space in the city of Seville is the Renaissance building known as the Indian Archive. In 1503 in this building the headquarters of the house of the hiring was created, that monopolized the commerce with America. Later, in the seventeenth century, the beautiful artistic schools founded by the universal painter Bartolomé Esteban Murillo became the headquarters of the Archivo General de Indias, where all the information referring to America is kept and also used as a venue for traveling exhibitions. The monument was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

 Another monument heritage of humanity, just opposite the previous one, is the cathedral of Seville .  It is the largest Gothic monument and the second largest Catholic church in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome.The building with a mixture of Almohad, Gothic and Renaissance art is the place where the mortal remains of Christopher Columbus rest. Its large arched walls with immense stained glass windows show the grandeur of this religious space. However, they also possess the pictorial treasures of minor arts from the time of the Spanish empire.

2) El Puerto de Santa María .The city of Cadiz has the importance of being the place where Colón made the contracts with the Finch Brothers and also with the Basque navigator resident in the locality Juan de la cosa.  Juan de la cosa becomes the creator of the first map showing the existence of the new continent, this maps dated around 1500, is preserved in the national library of Madrid, however the entrance of the medieval castle of San Marcos, shows a replica in tiles of the sailor’s map.  The port of Santa María shows in the zone of the galleys the typical constructions of the colonial epoch that later were exported America. One of the most important monuments of the town is the monastery of the Victory also with Mudejar Gothic influence of the XV-XVI century. The port of Santa María constituted a place along with Cádiz for the smuggling of goods that had to reach Seville by the Guadalquivir River. A lot of merchandise arrived in this area without going through the official controls. The municipal museum facing the collegiate church, can not show more history about the relationship between Christopher Columbus and Juan de la cosa.

3) Sanlúcar de Barrameda .  Located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River, it constituted the ante-port of the city of Seville, because the larger ships could not cross the bar of rocks and sands that formed in the estuary. The city was important in the third voyage of Columbus that departed on May 30, 1498 with eight ships to the island of the Spanish however the greatest importance is the fact that in 1519 parties the expedition commanded by Magellan to turn around the world and finally The city with a rich wine industry, also shows us the spaces related to the American or Canary expeditions such as the church of the Trinity where the sailors prayed that they were going to conquer the Canary Islands.Before the departure of the third trip to Colón, it was here in Sanlúcar where Columbus received from an English publisher a copy of the frame travel book.

Convento de Santo Domingo Convent of Santo Domingo

The last place in Sanlúcar related to Colombian travel is the church of Santo Domingo founded in the sixteenth century Renaissance type and has pictorial works by Flemish authors and for example Francisco Pacheco.

4) Cádiz . The well-known one like silver tacita acquires importance in the last part of the Spanish empire although also for being area of ​​contraband of the merchandise of the Spanish America. Its historical center shows that time has not passed in many cases maintaining its structure of the Renaissance-Baroque colonial era. The second trip of Columbus from Cádiz in 1493 really to look for pasilla nevertheless arrived at the island of Puerto Rico.

5) Huelva . El último lugar naturalmente no podía ser otro que la provincia de Huelva. The last place naturally could not be other than the province of  The beginning of the American adventure begins here, with the departure on August 3, 1492, of the expedition commanded by Columbus, with three caravels, the pint, the girl and the Santa Maria. . The departure was from the port of woods, near the monastery of la rábidaThis Gothic-Mudejar style building is a monastery with a cloister and a museum that have items heading a commemorative of the discovery of America. Martín Alonso Pinzón is buried in the monastery, and it was also the place where Columbus stayed but also the conquistadors Hernán Cortés or Francisco Pizarro. The monastery was created as an invocation to Santa María de la rábida whose thirteenth century carving is preserved in the precinct, whose origin was probably Templar, since in the original building it was a Muslim Ribat and was guarded by this chivalric order.On a nearby jetty is the replica of the three caravels that sailed the seas in search of the new world.

The monastery had great importance since some of the monks lodged there was a to evangelize a newly discovered territory hence the important relationship that the rabida maintains with various countries of America