Acinipo

 

The city is located on the plateau of Ronda la Vieja at a height of approximately 1,000 meters and overlooking the Sierra de Grazalema. It is built on an ancient fortified Iberian city called “Oppidum”.
Its strategic situation for that height makes it an architectural milestone for its time as the constructions and buildings were made in a staggered way.
There are remnants of his occupation since the time of the Bronze Age, however most of his constructions come to us from Roman times. Since the end of the first century after Christ until the third century it is the epoch of greater splendor, it is in the fourth century when it loses hegemony and it passes its importance to the city of Ronda, and it gives its total abandonment in the seventh century.
The most important building is the theatre, being the best preserved element, and whose construction has taken advantage of the slope for the stands, dug on the rock. With the rocks extracted for the stands the scene is built which is preserved in very good condition, however the rest of the most important architectural elements disappeared.
The other important remains are the thermal baths built a century before Christ, this structure is in the lower part of the city. From here, the Caldarium and tepidarium are preserved, as well as remnants of water pipes and columns.
In addition to the buildings indicated above in you can see the remains of the domus or houses of greater prestige in the area, as well as the remains of the wall surrounding the city and fortified, and finally houses of Iberian origin with rounded shape that preceded to the Roman constructions.
The city was important in its time because it even coined coin.