Baelo Claudia


The city is founded in the second century BC in a strategic area of union of the peninsula with the cities of North Africa as Tingis (Tanger). The city has been linked to the salting industry, specifically in the creation of the salsa known as garum and trade with the neighbouring continent.
The city has the different elements that make it an entity locality, we pass to describe the monuments and important spaces.
The urban layout can be seen the two classical main routes of the typical Roman city: The Decumanus Maximus, from east to west and at whose ends were located the gates of entrance to the city, and the Cardo Maximus, at right angles and towards north to south.
At the meeting point of these two routes was the forum, whose current pavement is the original slab of tariff preserved since century I, and around which were built public buildings. It was a square with porches on three sides, from one of which was accessed to three of them: the Temple of the emperor, the Curia, and another that served as a meeting room.
The most important building is the basilica, especially for the headquarters of the Courts of justice; And on the left side there were small rectangular constructions made with stones: the shops or taverns.
The wall, formed by more a quarantine of watchtowers, of which one can see the main gates of the city, which was directed to Gades, to the west, and which was directed to Carteia (near San Roque). To the east, Exístía a third door located to the north of the city, called Puerta de grabbed.
Buildings such as the Curia (local Senate) or the municipal archives both of administrative type.
The judicial basilica located in the forum in front of the temples. At his entrance he had a statue of Trajan.
A temple dedicated to Jupiter, another to Juno and a third to Minerva and one dedicated to the Egyptian goddess Isis, related to the Isíaco cult on the peninsula,
The largest building of Baelo Claudia is the theatre, with capacity of up to 2000 people, although all the actors were men, even in the roles of women, who to interpret were placed masks. You can also see remnants of the shops (Taverne), the Market (macellum), enclosed enclosure destined for the sale of meat and edible in general and formed by fourteen shops and an interior courtyard;, and the Thermal baths (Therme).