The cathedrals of Andalusia

If there is something that characterizes Andalusia, it is its union with Christianity and specifically with the Catholic cult. Their traditions in many cases are based on the Roman religion, as in the case of their pilgrimages, Holy Week and Christian dogmas settled in the region since centuries ago as the case of the Immaculate Conception due to different historical processes. For this reason, the region has scattered everywhere numerous temples for worship of all sizes, such as churches, chapels and chapels of all styles and buildings, however, as in the vast majority of Spanish regions or Europe, including Naturally, cathedrals stand out.

The construction of the same, unlike in the rest of Europe, occurred in later centuries, due to the eight centuries of Muslim culture that evidently could not erect this type of majestic temples. However, in the centuries following the so-called Reconquista, the influence of the Roman Church and the power it exerted in this region (case of the Inquisition or Counter-Reformation anti-Protestantism), many cathedrals were erected in different Andalusian cities. that in some cases they constituted majestic works if not of a style, if a mixture of several due to the different political and cultural moments during the time of their construction that in the majority of the cases exceeded a century.

In Andalusia, they are not only the main seats of the dioceses or archdioceses for the worship of the vast majority of the inhabitants of the locality, but because of the tradition of Holy Week, they are the places of procession of the different brotherhoods that carry out the penance stations in the Semana Andaluza.

In this Post, we will talk about the cathedrals of Andalusia, as monuments mixed of a religious feeling and furniture heritage that in some cases is of Humanity.
1. Cathedral of Seville: It constitutes the second greater temple of the Catholicism (behind San Pedro of Rome similar to the Cathedral of Colony). The example of the Sevillian cathedral, is a clear reference to a mixture of styles rather than different, although originally was made in late Gothic style. The cathedral is built on the remains of the Almohad Major Mosque of which the courtyard of Abluciones (Patio de los Naranjos) and its well-known Giralda bell tower which was the greater Minaret with a height of about one hundred meters. It began to be constructed at the beginning of century XV at the time that the mosque was demolished. Its Latin cross, its vaults of Aristas, stained glass windows and pillars make it the largest building of this style. However, the cathedral was enlarged in the following century with a neighboring building in Renaissance style, where you can see paintings of Murillo and the bell tower, was the work of Hernán Ruiz III. In the nineteenth century, several doors were added in neo-Gothic style, following the pattern of Violec le Duc, prevailing in those years. The cathedral is the center of the procession of Holy Week and has the tombs of the kings Ferdinand III the Saint, his son Alfonso X the Wise and Christopher Columbus, as well as the patron saint Virgin of the Kings, carving of the thirteenth century.

Catedral de Sevilla

2. Málaga Cathedral: The Renaissance and Baroque mixed building began to be built in the 16th century, whose architects were Diego de Siloe and the well-known Andrés de Vandelvira. The today still unfinished cathedral (one of the towers is unfinished), shows a cover with columns of Corinthian and Solomonic type with red marble doors. Its apse with rounded windows do not show great decoration giving prominence to the columns and the light that is accessed. The interior is formed by three naves with vaults that make them one of the tallest buildings in Andalusia, as well as their towers rising to more than eighty meters high. The construction of the same was on the remains of an old mosque and was initially made in Gothic Mudejar format and from which we can see the remains of internal courtyards of the Islamic era. The cathedral has organized visits on roofs and we remember that it is the central place for the processions of the magnificent Holy Week of the city.
3. Cathedral of Granada. Another magnificent example of a Renaissance building, with Baroque additions and whose construction was contemporary to other Renaissance buildings in the Nasrid city such as the palace of Charles V in the Alhambra. The building was built on the remains of the old Great Mosque, and in part of its construction followed the Herrerian style, the last part of the Renaissance. Diego de Siloe was also in charge of the works of the original Renaissance building, emphasizing in the construction the columns and vaults of great quality and restored. The cathedral itself, semicircular floor highlights its central chapel and adjacent chapels, highlighting Chapel of the Angustias, Chapel of the former and others that contain paintings and sculptures of Baroque type as several immaculate and works of Alonso Cano and Juan de Bank. Another of the chapels, perhaps the most important, is the Royal Chapel, where the remains of the Catholic Monarchs, their daughter Juana and her husband Felipe el Hermoso are found.

catedral de Granada

4. Cathedral of Cádiz: it represents an example of Baroque cathedral, in a city that did not have a great cathedral (if we ignore the old Gothic cathedral) dedicated to a marine city and that came to have influence in the times of the American adventure. Its name is dedicated to the dedication of the Holy Cross, with Baroque style whose construction began in the eighteenth century using nearby materials such as marble, stone and oyster stone in some external areas. It is designed as three vaulted naves as ambulatory and numerous columns of Corinthian type that give it a spectacular appearance. The temple owns several domes, emphasizing two: the cupola of the cruise, composed by a drum and hemispherical cap; It sits on pendentives and on the outside is covered by golden tiles that lend great luminosity during the day.
5. Cathedral of Almería: Renaissance example with the exception of having a transition between the late Gothic before reaching the Renaissance with Baroque and Rococo additions a posteriori. Its structure is reminiscent of a fortress, and possibly it had that function in view of its strategic situation and possible attacks by Berber pirates. Its original architect was not like Diego de Siloe. Its main door wants to show great majesty and a message of religious greatness, becoming a living transmitter of messages and religious icons. On the outer wall of this chapel is the so-called Sol de Portocarrero , which over time has become a symbol of the city. It is a bas-relief located at the head, on the eastern side, and represents a radiant anthropomorphic sun with ribbons.
6. Cathedral of Jaén: The cathedral of the olive city, is a reference in the work of Andrés de Vandelvira and a classic example of Baroque, Latin cross plan, with three naves with flat apse, side chapels and central transept. Like many other Andalusian cathedrals and following the example of burying the Muslim past, was erected and consecrated to the Virgin of the Assumption shortly after being conquered Jaén by the Christian troops in the thirteenth century. Its main Baroque façade, its neoclassical choir stand out, and inside it is guarded as relic the canvas of the Face of Jesus, Holy Face, known as La Veronica, whose Legend indicates that it is the canvas where Santa Veronica wipes her face bloody of the Lord. The cathedral aspires to be a World Heritage Site.
7. Catedral de Jerez: Call of San Salvador, is a work with a mixture of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles, which was erected on the old mosque and whose Gothic structure retains the buttresses and buttresses of this style and a transverse nave. The main façade boasts a triple door, and is adorned with Baroque motifs and imagery, as well as the two side doors, called Visitation and Incarnation and stained glass windows. As a work to highlight, we indicate that his museum has a pictorial jewel belonging to Zurbaran called La Virgen Niña. It is the nerve center of Holy Week Jerezana.
8. Catedral de Huelva: founded in the 17th century by the Dukes of Medina Sidonia as Convent of La Merced, the Huelva cathedral, similar to its Andalusian sisters, mixes Baroque and a late Renaissance with colonial and conventual flavor. The outer part is Baroque, being its main cover, inspiration for the colonial Baroque that would extend by the New world. Its interior is of Renaissance style, highlighting a major altarpiece presided by highlights the Virgin and Child made by Juan Martínez Montañés, but this is not the only work of the great image maker since the Main Chapel has its stellar work Virgen de la Cinta, 1616. But we must not forget the altarpieces attributed to the Circle of John of Mesa and images of Christ from the Gaditan-Genoese school as Christ of Jerusalem and Good Journey (crucified) and Our Father Jesus of the Chains.
9. Baza Cathedral: the oldest part of it is the lower part of the tower, which belonged to the old minaret of the 12th century mosque. Its construction on them, corresponds most to the Renaissance style, being another example of Andres de Vandelvira who made a masterpiece although he died before seeing it finished and was completed by his circle. If the building itself is fully Renaissance, with columns, arches and influences of Italian type, the interior with its altarpieces and chapels, has Baroque style. In one of the chapels located next to the entrance is the Brotherhood of the Supper (Baeza) Brotherhood of the Supper, a space in the interior and at the foot of the temple where all the processional images of this Brotherhood are shown, as well as its corporate standard.
10. Mosque -Cathedral of Cordoba: we must not forget the Caliphate temple, since although most of it is dedicated to the old mosque of the Caliphate era, it was built on an old Visigothic church from the 6th century, of which there are remains in situ, and later to the conquest by Fernando III, in century XIII, was reconverted to Cristino temple, being constructed in the interior structures of cupolas and vaults of edges of gothic style with a great contrast with the art of the caliphs. The Renaissance also sneaks into its corners as, the bell tower of Hernán Ruiz III, taking advantage of the old minaret, the Treasure of the cathedral has a collection of portapaces, chalices and copones of gold and silver as well as large crosses of precious materials.

Cathedral Mosque of Cordoba

This is the recommended itinerary for the visits to the Magnificent Churches of the different capitals of Andalusia, but you will not be able to enjoy them until you have access and walk through them, contemplating their artistic richness or enjoying a spiritual communion.

Mezquita Catedral de Cordoba

The inheritance of Sefarad in Andalucia

The Jewish people always had a great connection with the Iberian peninsula since it was the host country of these, which they called Sepharad. The legend indicates that the first Jews arrived in the Iberian Peninsula back in the 6th century BC after the destruction of Solomon’s temple by Nebuchadnezzar, however, the historical sources do not mention the presence of the Hebrew people until the time of Roman domination, concretely from the year 70, year of destruction of Jerusalem by Titus and his armies which caused the Jewish diaspora throughout the Roman Empire.

The Hebrew people settled in large cities and performed all kinds of professions such as artisans, merchants, bankers and doctors. During the domination of the Germanic peoples, specifically in the Visigothic period, they were the target of envy and political pressure for their financial activities, so at the time of the Muslim conquest in 711, the Mohammedans were received as saviors. The subsequent centuries of Muslim occupation, were of splendor for the Hebrew people who lived in their own neighborhoods called Jewish quarters and bequeathed to be respectable members even of the Caliphate court. They were only persecuted by intolerant people like the Almohads.

After the Christian conquests from the 12th century, they continued to live more or less calmly and even formed part of the courts of Christian kings as councilors, but progressively they suffered pressure in even racist attacks such as those that occurred in 1391 with the burning and killing of numerous Jewish quarters like Seville, Cordoba, Zaragoza, etc. The Jews were always associated in a pejorative way with the responsibility in the death of Jesus and even in having brought the black plague through Europe, in the fourteenth century, which decimated the population except for them because of their healthier health habits than those of Christians, which led them to be identified as guilty. Its situation was no longer the same as its period ended in the fifteenth century with the expulsion of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and a new diaspora for the world.

Of the Hebrews we have left their rites, religious buildings (synagogues), the constructions of their neighborhoods called Jewish quarters and their gastronomy. In this post, we indicate the best-known and best-preserved Jewish neighborhoods in Andalusia:
1. Jewry of Seville: Located in the neighborhood of Santa Cruz, Santa María la Blanca and San Bartolomé, was the area ceded to the Jews just after the Christian conquest in the thirteenth century. At that time the Jews were given 4 mosques to convert them into synagogues, Santa Maria la Blanca, Santa Cruz, San Bartolomé and the convent of Madre de Dios, now converted into churches. The neighborhood of Santa Cruz underwent a major reform in the 20th century due to the Ibero-American exhibition of 1929. Its corners, houses and balconies evoke a city that has not passed the time and very close to the great monuments of the capital of Seville. .
2. Jewish quarter of Córdoba: example of cohabitation of the three cultures, it was the Hebrew district of the Caliphate capital between the 10th century and the 15th century. The Jewish street is the nerve center and where the synagogue is located, one of the few preserved in almost complete manner even with the seven-branch candelabrum. On the street there is the statue of the Hebrew philosopher Maimonides who lived in the Almohad period and was a reference for Cordoba worldwide. today it is a pilgrimage center for Jews from all over the world.
3. Judería de Jaén: it was the most lasting since the Hebrew presence was maintained for twelve centuries and the Hebrew families that lived there were very important. It also has a 13th-century synagogue now converted into the Church of San Andrés. Curiously, its narrow streets also have the name of San Cruz district as in Seville. It is of great importance because the Arab baths of the city were located.
4. Judería de Lucena: the city located on the Caliphate route, has a Jewish quarter so large that in fact, between the 9th and 12th century, the city was inhabited exclusively by Jews, becoming a benchmark. It has a large synagogue and a cemetery, but it should be noted that in the 12th century, when they fell into the hands of the Almohads and due to the intolerance of this North African people, these Jews emigrated to Toledo, contributing to the cultural wealth of the city of Castellana .
5. Judería de Úbeda: it was of great importance during the centuries of Muslim occupation however part of its splendor and architecture disappeared due to the Renaissance reforms in the sixteenth century and its monumentality. However, we still have buildings like the Water synagogue, where a mikveh (Jewish ritual bath), a patio, a main hall with pointed arches, a women’s room and a warehouse for oil storage have been found.

Undoubtedly the heritage of Safarad, has significantly enriched the culture and has influenced the development of the Andalusian people.

ZOOS AND AQUARIUMS OF ANDALUCIA

Since time immemorial, human beings have wanted to enjoy nature and the animals that populated it, becoming captives since ancient times, representing more or less fortunate their ecosystems and reaching our days. These places are the zoos and for a long time they were the place of exhibition of exotic animals but under conditions that in some lamentable cases.

Today, the situation has changed and these exhibition halls have become sites for conservation, education and training on wildlife. Only privileged people can enjoy the exotic nature in their natural habitat and today, thanks to technology, they adapt and replicate ecosystems in the same city. These places are conservation centers not only to enjoy the vision of these species, but as centers of recovery to reintroduce or recover endangered species, many maintained by foundations. Andalusia has some of these enclosures that allow you to enjoy nature and be a source of disclosure.

In this post we show the most known and important according to their task :, of which we can enjoy species that are located in the 5 continents.
1. Zoobotanico de Jerez: Opened in 1953, it went from being an exhibition center for exotic and strange species (case of the white tiger) to a conservation center involved in recovery, recovery and conservation of endangered species. Years ago began with the recovery of the red panda emblem of the zoo for many years, however for two decades it has been breeding Ibis Hermit, a species that after more than 5 centuries, has been recovered for breeding in the Natural Park of the Strait of Gibraltar . The Botanical Zoo follows the breeding program of the Iberian Lynx and has recently started a recovery program for the Iberian Wolf. Numerous educational and training activities contribute to the spread of wildlife.

Lemur en el Zoo de Jerez

2. Zoo of Córdoba: the zoo of the Caliphate capital was a center that was about to be closed, however a change of administration and mentality, led to a turn and participation in projects of breeding and recovery of various species such as the wolf Iberian. In summer the center organizes a series of activities such as night stays in the same for children and discover the wildlife at night. It has a breeding colony of Mora tortoise, terrestrial turtle that in Andalusia only lives in the Doñana Park.

Colonia de Tortuga Mora. Cordoba

3. Sealife de Benalmádena: one of the first aquariums in Andalusia, with species of all pairs, whose novelty, as in the great American centers, was to have manual contact with species such as blankets, rays, shark eggs, etc. The activities organized by the center, among them is the contact in private with species in very small groups, especially for children that allow contact with marine species. It was one of the first enclosures where sharks were raised in Andalusia.
4. Bioparc de Fuengirola: Center opened in 1977, reformed in 1999 and acquired by Bioparc, as one of the best conservation areas for tropical species representing and emulating the jungle and tropical ecosystems of America, Asia and Africa. The center is involved in the recovery of species such as the leopard of Sri Lanka, the orangutan of Borneo or the gorilla. We must not forget that it is home to the Komodo Dragon, the largest and poisonous lizard on Earth and unique in its kind in Andalusia.
5. Seville Aquarium: Opened with an immense saltwater tank with Atlantic, Mediterranean and Caribbean species. Highlight its bull shark and other non-marine species such as yacaré, anaconda and sea turtles. The center organizes night activities for children as well as private dives to emulate the stay with animals in an absolutely underwater environment. The center plans to continue with its expansion in the coming years.

Tiburón toro. Acuario de Sevilla

6. Mundo Park (Guillena): It is a zoo created as a foundation by José Luis Malpartida (specialist and animal breeder of cinema), whose mission is the conservation of species as well as the recovery of exotic species abandoned in native ecosystems. In this enclosure you can enjoy a falconry experience and enjoy direct contact with raptors.

7 peculiar cemeteries of Andalusia

Today we talk about necrotourism or cemetery tourism.  An activity that in this area of ​​Europe can seem quite shocking or even morbid difficult to understand in a state with a Catholic culture and very reserved with respect to death, however in other parts of Europe such as the United Kingdom, France, Germany or in United States, the visit to the graveyards is a place more like a tourist monument.

 Whether for the forms or the construction of their tombs, in many cases true mausoleums or for stories that happened there, the cemeteries become not only a place of pilgrimage on November 1 but also a tourist or cultural visit.In many cases, dramatized routes are carried out where stories related to the cemetery or paranormal phenomena occurring in it are told. In this post, we are going to talk about the most peculiar cemeteries of Andalusia, which are reference for visits as cult place or simply curiosity.

  1. Cemetery of San Fernando (Seville): This first route we started in the cemetery of the Andalusian capital.  Its origin is from the end of the XIX century, and it was built for reasons of high demography since the burials were carried out in the parishes and the city had collapsed in that aspect. This gigantic cemetery has real works of art as tombs as in the case of the bullfighters Joselito el Gallo or Juan Belmonte. There are also celebrities from the world of music such as Antonio Machín, however the most imposing place is possibly in the middle of it, in a roundabout, stands a cross with a Christ work by Antonio Susillo (buried just below) with a legend since It is called Christ of the Honeys due to an extraordinary event in which the image one day began to cry honey. The supposedly miraculous event had the simple explanation of a beehive that had been created spontaneously inside his head, and in summer it melted giving a really exceptional scene but with scientific explanation.
  2.  Cemetery of Villaluenga del Rosario: located in the same town in the Sierra de Grazalema area.  It is a work of art since it is a small cemetery whose niches are built inside a church (Salvador) in ruins that was destroyed in the nineteenth century and that is native to the eighteenth century. The location of the niches, their small size and being located inside a church, gives a more sacred if it fits.
  3.  Casabermeja Cemetery: Called San Sebastian and located in the town of the same name in the area of ​​Malaga. It is a cemetery known vulgarly as a town, since its niches and tombs are so well preserved and well cared for that they simply remind one of the white villages of Cádiz or of the Axarquía de Málaga. Its uniqueness stands out for the fact that the locals themselves are responsible for keeping the graves tidy and painted as if it were the first day, being the possible best care in Andalusia, to the point of becoming a busy place in days before and after of all the Saints.
  4. Cemetery of Benadalid: curious cemetery of the town of the Serrania de Ronda since it is built on a castle that was originally Roman although the remains that have reached us are Arab. It is curious to see some niches built on the patio of a medieval castle and where battles between Moors and Christians are depicted.
  5. Cemetery of Granada: Known as San José and dating from 1805 being one of the oldest. This cemetery, like that of Seville, has sculptural works from its niches that are worth seeing. It is located in the area of ​​the Alhambra with views of the Generalife, and Sierra Nevada and next to a Nasrid ruins of the fourteenth century. It has legends like the bride who died on her wedding day and who wanders by the same or the Christ who works miracles. Another point to discover the mythical city of Granada.
  6. English Graveyard of Malaga: the largest port capital of Andalusia also has its cemetery with history and worth visiting.  It is a Protestant cemetery of the early nineteenth century, since the British consul of that time requested a piece of land from the authorities for the eternal rest of his countrymen. The place was also chosen for the seat of the Anglican church, its tombs are real sculptural works and it is a place of great cultural and ethnological interest for what it represents.
  7. Monturque Cemetery: The town of Córdoba, whose cemetery is called San Rafael, is located in an area of ​​Roman remains of the first century AD. c, with a structure of niches and tombs located in the central zone of the forum and constituting an exceptional case of related archeology and necrology.

These cemeteries are not the only places of worship for the dead to visit since there are the different necropolises that we show in our Roman Route.  We can indicate that the world related to the show as well as its cults and burials are also a source of tourist attraction even if it is difficult to understand.

The Columbian places of Andalusia

Andalusia due to its geographical location was of vital importance for the creation of Spanish America. .As a gateway to the Atlantic, it has several locations such as places in Colombia where we can enjoy the monuments and their history. The Columbian Andalusia shows us a route of monuments, history and characters that participated in the conquest and exploitation of America.

On October 12, the national day and the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus occurred in 1492. With this discovery began the American adventure that lasted approximately 300 years.On this route we will show you five places related to this part of Spanish history.

1) Seville.The capital of Andalusia was the protagonist of the preparation before the voyages of Columbus, the discovery of America, the return to the world, the subsequent commercial exploitation in the American colonies. The route would begin in a space where the fifth centenary was celebrated at Expo 92, specifically the monastery of Santa María de las Cuevas, located on the island of the Carthusian monastery and which was originally an Almohad pottery factory and later became a monastery of the Carthaginian order at the end of the fourteenth century.  This monastery has Mudejar Gothic style like most of the religious buildings of that time in the city. The monastery was the place of residence and study of Christopher Columbus to know the possible routes to find the Asian continent (it was what he was looking for initially). Columbus became a friend of the abbot who gave him the opportunity to study the various manuscripts present in the religious space.

 Legend has it that Christopher Columbus himself planted a Quercus tree which is still alive 500 years later in one of his homelands. This space contained pictorial works currently preserved in the Museum of Fine Arts of Seville, and we can not help but admire the structures such as the arches and architectural elements of the Mudéjar Gothic.

archivo de indias Indian file

 Another space in the city of Seville is the Renaissance building known as the Indian Archive. In 1503 in this building the headquarters of the house of the hiring was created, that monopolized the commerce with America. Later, in the seventeenth century, the beautiful artistic schools founded by the universal painter Bartolomé Esteban Murillo became the headquarters of the Archivo General de Indias, where all the information referring to America is kept and also used as a venue for traveling exhibitions. The monument was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

 Another monument heritage of humanity, just opposite the previous one, is the cathedral of Seville .  It is the largest Gothic monument and the second largest Catholic church in the world after St. Peter’s in Rome.The building with a mixture of Almohad, Gothic and Renaissance art is the place where the mortal remains of Christopher Columbus rest. Its large arched walls with immense stained glass windows show the grandeur of this religious space. However, they also possess the pictorial treasures of minor arts from the time of the Spanish empire.

2) El Puerto de Santa María .The city of Cadiz has the importance of being the place where Colón made the contracts with the Finch Brothers and also with the Basque navigator resident in the locality Juan de la cosa.  Juan de la cosa becomes the creator of the first map showing the existence of the new continent, this maps dated around 1500, is preserved in the national library of Madrid, however the entrance of the medieval castle of San Marcos, shows a replica in tiles of the sailor’s map.  The port of Santa María shows in the zone of the galleys the typical constructions of the colonial epoch that later were exported America. One of the most important monuments of the town is the monastery of the Victory also with Mudejar Gothic influence of the XV-XVI century. The port of Santa María constituted a place along with Cádiz for the smuggling of goods that had to reach Seville by the Guadalquivir River. A lot of merchandise arrived in this area without going through the official controls. The municipal museum facing the collegiate church, can not show more history about the relationship between Christopher Columbus and Juan de la cosa.

3) Sanlúcar de Barrameda .  Located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River, it constituted the ante-port of the city of Seville, because the larger ships could not cross the bar of rocks and sands that formed in the estuary. The city was important in the third voyage of Columbus that departed on May 30, 1498 with eight ships to the island of the Spanish however the greatest importance is the fact that in 1519 parties the expedition commanded by Magellan to turn around the world and finally The city with a rich wine industry, also shows us the spaces related to the American or Canary expeditions such as the church of the Trinity where the sailors prayed that they were going to conquer the Canary Islands.Before the departure of the third trip to Colón, it was here in Sanlúcar where Columbus received from an English publisher a copy of the frame travel book.

Convento de Santo Domingo Convent of Santo Domingo

The last place in Sanlúcar related to Colombian travel is the church of Santo Domingo founded in the sixteenth century Renaissance type and has pictorial works by Flemish authors and for example Francisco Pacheco.

4) Cádiz . The well-known one like silver tacita acquires importance in the last part of the Spanish empire although also for being area of ​​contraband of the merchandise of the Spanish America. Its historical center shows that time has not passed in many cases maintaining its structure of the Renaissance-Baroque colonial era. The second trip of Columbus from Cádiz in 1493 really to look for pasilla nevertheless arrived at the island of Puerto Rico.

5) Huelva . El último lugar naturalmente no podía ser otro que la provincia de Huelva. The last place naturally could not be other than the province of  The beginning of the American adventure begins here, with the departure on August 3, 1492, of the expedition commanded by Columbus, with three caravels, the pint, the girl and the Santa Maria. . The departure was from the port of woods, near the monastery of la rábidaThis Gothic-Mudejar style building is a monastery with a cloister and a museum that have items heading a commemorative of the discovery of America. Martín Alonso Pinzón is buried in the monastery, and it was also the place where Columbus stayed but also the conquistadors Hernán Cortés or Francisco Pizarro. The monastery was created as an invocation to Santa María de la rábida whose thirteenth century carving is preserved in the precinct, whose origin was probably Templar, since in the original building it was a Muslim Ribat and was guarded by this chivalric order.On a nearby jetty is the replica of the three caravels that sailed the seas in search of the new world.

The monastery had great importance since some of the monks lodged there was a to evangelize a newly discovered territory hence the important relationship that the rabida maintains with various countries of America

5 places to enjoy the bellowing of the deer


Now that it gets dark sooner, and this is the beginning of the rainy season, the phenomenon of the deer’s bellowing begins. In autumn from September in some cases and continuing throughout the month of October, male deer prepare for zeal.

The male deer, begin with their songs known as rascal to attract all possible females. They show their male credentials with their horns well developed and formed and whose songs can be heard for miles around.

The activity of the males in heat with their songs is extended throughout the day although they can be heard more at dawn as in the evening, in some cases, nights of great noise.

After the bellowing, the males fight among themselves to obtain the right to have all the possible females as a harem and to mate with them being pregnant and later giving birth at the end of the following winter.

Likewise the voices of the bellow resound, you can also hear the noises of the horns crashing, often giving bloody battles in which the loser ends up in some cases badly wounded, however the winner gets the prize of all the females.

Andalusia, is where the deer lives, known as deer in these areas, and there are numerous natural areas where they live and you can contemplate this annual phenomenon of nature:
Natural Park Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas (Jaén): in the 70s, the documentary series “The Man and the Earth” by Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente, showed these ungulates in the process of rutting, in the area of Swamp del Tranco. Today you can see the largest population of deer congregated in this area from the peaks, where live the vultures and the bearded vulture, which surround these waters belonging to the Guadalquivir river, where they come down to drink.
Natural Park Alcornocales (Cádiz / Málaga): This natural area is the highest concentration of Cork oaks in Europe, and because of its orography and proximity to the Strait of Gibraltar, affected by humidity and west winds, it is an area of ​​birds such as Aguilar real, griffon vulture, and other raptors. It is also the only example of European subtropical forest, in the valleys where humidity condenses giving rise to laurel forests, and insect species in some cases endemic. In this unique space, there are about 35,000 deer that show their bellowing between the area of ​​the port of Galiz and the Sauceda. Lacking natural predators, hunting is allowed in the established time.

Natural Park of the Sierra de Hornachuelos (Córdoba): The last and supposed redoubt of the Iberian wolf in Andalusia (there is no record of its presence for decades), the deer also performs its rutting activity specifically in the area near the banks of the Bembézar reservoir. According to the water, we can see more deer approach, but as in Tranco marsh, they meet in that area to drink and also to procreate.
Natural Park of the Sierra de Norte de Sevilla: The last redoubt corresponds to an area known as dehesas (cattle grazing area with Mediterranean forest), world heritage site, where deer also live with pigs. It is more common to see these animals in the process of bellowing between dusk and dusk since the rest of the day and due to the heat, they just rest. In the area near Almadén de la Plata, from the village itself, it is a spectacle to hear the deer’s songs throughout the night as a scandal of nature itself.

We advise for these activities not to approach the animals and to stay on the sidelines as not to feed them and limit the use of perfumes so as not to confuse them.

The bellows, represents one of the natural spectacles offered by nature in Andalusia.

The White Night arrives in Seville

This year will be the seventh edition of the White Night of Seville, this next October 5, with more than 160 activities that will be spread around different parts of the city.
In past editions the success has been spectacular, this year also being the year Murillo some activities will focus on the Sevillian painter, touring his work from different ways to discover it and get to know it more closely.
One of the most visited places whenever this event takes place is the Cathedral of Seville, the Alcazar or the Archivo de Indias.
The House of the Province or the Faculty of Fine Arts will also open their doors for this occasion.
The Museum of the Port of Seville, the Palace of the Marquises of La Algaba, the Museum of Ceramics of Triana, the Lope de Vega Theater or the Church of San Luis de los Franceses will be other places that will receive many visitors.
While in the “Mushrooms” we can enjoy the dance, with different performances.
In the Museum of Fine Arts in Seville, you will visit the cloisters and the Sala V, where the Murillo Exhibition is located.
In the Museum of Arts and Popular Customs there will be a concert and a wine tasting.
In the Archaeological Museum the rooms of Rome, with guided tours that include monologues about Rome and music abroad.
At the Andalusian Center for Contemporary Art with guided tours.
In CaixaForum we can also enjoy different activities such as: Building new worlds, Encounters with Flavita Banana, New images for new worlds, Face to Face, to name a few.
In the Navigation Pavilion the visitor will be able to see his permanent exhibition.
In the Association of painters of Seville and other arts – Crafts in Altozano, in the craft market where many activities such as painting a picture, mold with clay, work sheet metal, goldsmithing, macrame, sewing handbags, crochet …
In the Aquarium of Seville you can make a night visit, with its sharks, clown fish, green iguana or jellyfish, discovering from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean, from 20 hours to 00 at night.
For lovers of literature there will be many activities such as the one that will be carried out by the Open Seville Initiative Association with Cosmopolitan Publishers Night, with literary evenings from 20:30 to 00:30.

But if, on the contrary, you prefer the theater, do not worry, you will have multiple shows throughout the night such as the one that took place at the Documentation Center of the Performing Arts of Andalusia with The characters come out of the books, at CUMA Teatro with the Murillo Experience o The green door- A forgotten life …, Night of Repálagos – ImproRepálagos, in the TNT Center with The Dream of a Night of Cabaret and Olé or Molarte- The souls of Seville III “The Enchanted Palace”.
The only thing you need is to get comfortable and go out and explore the city.
Are you going to miss it?