Gades


 

Roman theatre

Discovered in 1980 which shows the cavea and the vomitorios that are left outdoors. Accessing through the interpretation center and in deeper wells, you can see remains of the Orchestra and the Scena.

One of the characteristics of this theater is that it is the oldest in the Roman Church and was already mentioned by Cicero or by travelers like Strabo himself. It is also the largest in Hispania, second only to that of Córdoba with a capacity of 10,000 spectators for a city of 50,000.

Salazones Factoria

The salting factory of Gades located in the grounds of the old Teatro Andalucía corresponds to this moment of greater splendor of the city, promoted by the Balbo in order to make bigger its city of origin, imitating the great cities of Rome

The location of this factory indicates that we are located on land outside the city walls. Its remains show us the structure of a building built in this time of expansion of the city, it was abandoned at the beginning of the 4th century AD. The function of this facility is also probably the most important activity in the city of Gades, since at least the fifth century BC. we talk about the salting factory

The factory proves it must have been a city linked mainly to the sea. Within this set of commercial activities, the fishing and canning industry was principal for the city

The factory is distributed in the classic way of placing pools aligned around an open-air room. The excavated area occupies an area of ​​330 m2. Its approximate dimensions are 21 x 18.5 m. The central patio should have a square shape and have a tiled or well-concreted door.

The main patio is formed by its floor of opus signinum, preserved in a small sector. The concreted soil is settled in the clogging sand of the canal in the 2nd century BC. and in a declivity to the south -center of the patio- from the pools, possibly to recover the rainwater and deposit it through pipes in the cisterns located under the central patio floor, something usual in the salting factories of the Western Mediterranean.

Archeological Museum

The museum shows Roman remains found in Cadiz, Baelo Claudia or Medina Sidonia. The works of Roman times to see are the following:

Hercules Gaditano:

The piece shows a Hercules, who carries in his right hand the three apples of the Garden of the Hesperides. The most likely date is High Roman Empire. It is a small format copy of the cult statue of Melqart-Hercules that existed in the famous temple of Cádiz. There is a possibility that it may be in the fifth century BC.

Archeological Museum

The museum shows Roman remains found in Cadiz, Baelo Claudia or Medina Sidonia. The works of Roman times to see are the following:

Hercules Gaditano:

The piece shows a Hercules, who carries in his right hand the three apples of the Garden of the Hesperides. The most likely date is High Roman Empire. It is a small format copy of the cult statue of Melqart-Hercules that existed in the famous temple of Cádiz. There is a possibility that it may be in the fifth century BC.

Portrait of Trajano de Baelo Claudia

The head and body was separated. The two pieces were in good condition but with some damage to the nose and face

The body and the head have different origins and chronology, although at the time they formed a single statue. The head is made of Carrara marble and could be the work of an official workshop of Rome itself, hence its importance. It was elaborated reusing a head of Domiciano, modeling with the form of the official portrait created with reason of the ascent to the power of Trajano, in the year 98 d.C.

Temple of the Hercules Gaditano.

The sanctuary was formed, in a set of buildings where stood a main building and a courtyard which was reached by a door flanked by two large columns. On the main cover there was a relief showing the twelve works of the god Hercules in bronze. The priests who lived in the temple watched that the flames of the perpetual fire did not go out, according to Strabo, the Roman historian.

It is worth mentioning two freshwater wells whose flood rhythm occurred in the opposite direction to that of the tides. According to another Latin historian, Pomponio Mela, the remains of Hercules himself were buried under the temple. And the subsoil also harbored other mythological relics such as the Teucro belt or the Pygmalion tree. Legend

Legend has it that inside the Cadiz temple the Carthaginian leader Hannibal, being only a child, swore eternal hatred to Rome before his father, Hamilcar Barca. Later he would return here to offer his vows to the gods before embarking on his adventure: the conquest of Italy.

Spending time, until the year 68 BC, it was Julio César who as a general, before the statue of Alexander the Great who was there, lamented that at the age of 30 years had not yet reached the same deeds of the Macedonian conqueror. The Roman politician returned to the temple of Hercules in the year 45 a.C. after the battle of Munda, in the Andalusian province of Córdoba.