Carmona



Amphitheater

The easily identifiable amphitheater from the current perspective offered by the museum’s viewpoint, is located outside the city, at a considerable distance from the door of Seville and immersed in the funerary environment and the Cordoba Híspalis communication channel.

It responds thus to the classic scheme foreseen by Rome for the celebration of gladiatorial shows. With dimensions between its kind, which was partially discovered in 1885 and excavated from 1970, and you can see the peculiarity of the building. This amphitheater is partially carved into the rock and supplemented with stonework by crowning stones. It was prepared to receive a series of complementary wooden structures, as we can see in the footprints that exist in the sand and that form two ovals parallel to the podium.

Elephant Tomb

It receives this name to have been found inside a figure carved in stone that represents this animal. It is one of the most striking funerary monuments of the necropolis, both from the point of view of its spatial organization, which drastically departs from the usual scheme for its complex constructive development, as well as the religious funerary significance of the building to have been considered sanctuary dedicated to the cult of Cybele and Attis.

Also in this temple we can see a camera possibly dedicated to the god Mithras in which the sunlight incised directly at the time of the equinoxes.

Necropolis

The necropolis has a series of vestiges of funerary monument of Tartessian era, the Romans generalized the incineration and therefore the chambers excavated in Rome to eat the case of the circular mausoleum.

In most of the tombs that we can see from the end of the first century and the beginning of the second century, they are hypogean tombs of individual type, whose skeletal remains were placed in a grave to carry out the incineration.

Another tomb that we can see is the tomb of Postumio, where the cinerary niches are combined with an inhumation and where the ustrinum is preserved, an altar eye and remains of beautiful frescoes signed by Silvanus.

Tomb of Servilia

It is the most monumental of all, it reproduces the outline of a building of Hellenistic influence, which is developed by a gallery arranged around a central courtyard, from which we conserve the north wing. In this place, most of the sculptures exhibited in the museum, including that of Servilia herself, were apparently found.

After the gallery is accessed a small corridor, with traces of the door that closed the space of the antechamber, a real architectural invention because of the complex layout of an open space through which a small and hidden funeral chamber was accessed.

All this part is enriched by a series of repertoires of mural painting alluding to funeral rites and symbols as the balance of life. A place belonging to a family of great prominence in Carmona.