The Convent of Capuchinos is really called according to the patron saints of Seville Santa Justa and Rufina near the city wall in the area of the old Puerta de Córdoba. Located in front of the San Hermenegildo church, near the parish church of San Julián, the parish of San Gil and the Macarena basilica, the convent of La Trinidad and the Hospital of the Five Wounds in a very important area of religious Seville .
The convent has all the dependencies that make up a typical convent belonging to the order of the Capuchins, church, atrium, cloister, refectory, meeting room, dormitories, nursing, etc. All of them located around the cloister composed by arches of half point on pilasters in ground floor and balconies in high plant, the galleries are covered with vaults of tube with lunetos and vaults of edges.
Its most important building, the church is constituted of three naves, without a transept, divided into five sections and a high choir at the foot of the central nave and a low choir behind the presbytery. The main chapel has no altarpiece, if having pictures with a sculpture of Jesus Christ. The three naves are separated by pillars in the shape of a cross with semicircular arches, with a separation of pilastrons on which a molded cornice rests that runs through the interior of the temple.
Chapels with neo-Gothic altars are attached to the side chapels, and have paintings and sculptures from different eras and the walls are decorated with azulejerías and Pompeyano-style wall paintings.
The cover of the central ship is with vault of cannon that have large windows and arcs fajones, the lateral ones with bave vaults and the step towards the central ship with double arcs. The presbytery is covered with a dome of galloned orange half that precedes it a great triumphal arch.
The convent has only one facade, the main one of the convent, with a structure in a closing wall of the atrium and transverse to the church, of two floors with gabled roof.
The façade of the church has a large canvas that ends by means of a triangular pediment with rosette on the tympanum and three semicircular arches on pillars with angular columns that are located at the bottom.
The building was founded in 1627 by Archbishop Don Diego de Guzmán and Benavides in the area of the chapel dedicated to the saints Justa and Rufina, patrons of the city, in front of the Puerta de Córdoba, where according to legend the Santa Justa and Rufina died .
During the French invasion, the convent was converted by the French into a hospital, although its paintings by the brilliant artist Murillo were put to safety in Cadiz, however the building suffered the ravages of the French occupation.
Years later the church was restored returning to the convent all the paintings that were placed safely in Cádiz, except for the major altarpieces that had been destroyed.
This convent passed to the control of the Spanish State in the 30s of the 19th century through the confiscation of Mendizábal, passing most of its works to the Provincial Museum.
At the end of the 19th century, it had another restoration and some more already in the 20th century
Following the liturgical reform of the Second Vatican Council, the presbytery and its accesses to the lower choir were modified again. Finally in the 1990s another transformation was made that affected the church, reducing the dimensions of the high choir.
Three legends are mentioned in this space, the first one, tells us that the apostle Santiago, founded the first cathedral of Hispania here. The second, mentions the fact that in this area the Santas Justa and Rufina, were martyred to death, later in the Visigothic period, a memorial temple was built. The latter mentions the fact that in this place the body of San Isidoro was buried, discovered by the Arabs centuries later.
The works of Murillo that were part of the Convent can now be seen in the Museum of Fine Arts in Seville.