The Hospital de la Caridad was initially an institution whose church was founded in the fifteenth century with the mission of being a place of burial of the dead that were not claimed. The Baroque church was built in the mid-seventeenth century and although their works were stopped, they ended about thirty years later and was the work of Falconete.
The church whose cloister and inner enclosure was of a great immensity, was commissioned the pictorial decoration to Valdes Leal and to Murillo. Shortly after its completion, the nobleman Miguel de Mañara entered the fraternity, which was not received initially with great enthusiasm due to the messiness of his life, however after the death of his wife he made a radical change, donating all his fortune and conviritiendose Big brother of this institution in charge of looking after the most needy.
From that time he wrote a book called the Discourse of Truth, a treatise on the virtue of charity. In 1665 at the proposal of Miguel de Mañara, Murillo entered the order and for three years he carried out the work for which it is known and which was used to decorate the church.
Some of these works were plundered and sent to other museums, reproductions were created in real size.
We can see at the entrance, the image of “In ictu Oculi” which represents the uselessness of riches at the time of death, the work of Valdés Leal and presiding over the main altarpiece “The Burial of Christ” by Pedro Roldan. The works of Murillo are the following:
• Santa Isabel taking care of the Tiñosos: inside a palace room, Queen Santa Isabel takes care of the stenderers, showing a contrast between the majesty of a royal salon and the misery of the poor whom she cares for with charity. A rogue winks at a spectator.
• Saint John of God transporting a sick person: the Saint of Granada carries a patient who, by the weight he represents, makes him fall and an angel prevents him from helping him. The contrast between the saint and the angel stands out, with a woman who, in a blurred background, contemplates the scene.
• Abraham and the three angels: copy by hand. On the left three young people ask for mercy from Abraham and he grants it. Being angels, he is awarded the reward of the pregnancy of his wife Sara. There is a contrast between the robes of angels and the dark robe of Abraham.
• The healing of the paralytic in the pool: in which a paralytic is brought before Christ, who sympathizes and orders him to get up and heal immediately.
• The return of the prodigal son: it translates the virtue of dressing the neighbor.
• The multiplication of the loaves and fishes: it alludes to the miracle of Christ and the virtue of feeding the Neighbor. The moment is described that Christ multiplies loaves and fish with a background of the waiting crowd.
• Moses making water sprout: moment that springs water Moses. A child points to Moses and Aaron. It shows the contrast of the thirsty and the joy of being satiated by the patriarch
• San Juan Bautista Niño: The child Juan shows a sweet look with which he assumes his role as announcer of the messiah.
• Baby Jesus: showing an angelic child Jesus with a blurred background supported by cherubs and carrying the cross and the globe in one hand.
• The Annunciation: represents the moment of the announcement.