Ferdinand Churchs of Cordoba

Fernandinas Churches of Córdoba In the year 1236, the King of Castile and Leon Fernando III, known by the name of the Saint, conquered the city of Córdoba with the help of his Castilian troops, and the numerous troops obtained from his vassals including the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. The period of Islamic occupation of more than five centuries that had begun in the year 711 had ended, giving rise to the greatest period of splendor of the millenary city, this being from then until the eleventh century, and subsequently and successively through the Taifa kingdoms and the dominions of the Almoravid and Almohad North African empires. When the Christians arrived in the city, the years of Muslim influence had become evident as the Visigothic churches of which they had evidence through different historical sources, were no longer there and their place was occupied by different mosques, including the space where There was the main mosque. Faced with this situation of lack of Christian temples for a northern population that would come to occupy the city but would need religious services, went to work sponsoring and promoting religious orders resulting in a process of creation of convents, and churches under their sponsorship and foundation. These churches, popularly known as Fernandina churches, began to be built following the architectural and artistic canons of the thirteenth century. The churches began their construction following the Gothic order with reminiscences of Romanesque needing for these constructions numerous labor that favored Christian immigration to the new city conquered in the South. Over the centuries, and due to inclement weather, earthquakes or simply the passage of time, these churches have had a series of reforms following in some cases the architectural and artistic processes of later centuries (Renaissance or Baroque) or with additions of the nineteenth century that tried to emulate the Gothic beginnings of them with additions following the processes carried out in France by Viollet le Duc. Today, these churches, some still part of the patrimony of the religious orders and others as canonical headquarters of Holy Week brotherhoods, displaying works of art such as altarpieces, paintings or images that in many cases procession in Holy Week. On this map, you can discover the different spaces of the Fernandina Churches.