Italica

Amphitheater.

The amphitheater is the most popular building known throughout the city for its good conservation. It is located outside the wall, taking advantage of a natural hollow of the land for its construction. The enclosure was built entirely in concrete and its exterior covered with ashlars and marble plates that have disappeared victim of the looting continued to which it has been submitted since its abandonment.

Of its primitive structure only the part belonging to the lower bleachers excavated in the ground are conserved. The rest of the building that was the aerial construction, with facade in all its outer perimeter.

The amphitheater had two large covers for each end, whose facades and where ashlars with attached columns, as you can see even on its west side.

In the central part of the arena it appears in an underground rectangular enclosure that in its time would be covered with wood and that served as storage or clothing. The dimensions of the amphitheater are 160 meters on its largest side and 137 meters on its smaller side which makes it in the third after the Coliseum in Rome and the Cápua. It is thought that its capacity was about 25,000 spectators and was center of spectacle of the surrounding regions.

Theater.

The building located inside Santiponce reproduced spectacles, religious acts and cults to the emperor.

Its structure was the orchestra or semicircular space that separated the stage from the bleachers. Which was covered with marble and wide steps in the lower area for higher-ranking characters.

And the cavea separated by horizontal corridors was delimited by social rank

Finally the area of ​​the stage that was a building of orders with columns and with the three doors to usual own of a Roman theater.

Houses

The layout of Italica within the walled area was by means of apples, which could be around 40 oriented from east to west.

The construction materials are diverse as concrete mortar, bricks, pebbles and marble coatings or painted stucco plasters.

Each of the blocks had two houses, except for the house of the exedra, which, being close to the wall, was in a smaller block.

The houses or domus are very spacious, and should have at least 2 floors. These houses had the presence of a central courtyard, with underground tanks for water collection. The rest of the rooms are distributed around this patio.

These houses have great wealth of opus sectile type mosaics being the most important the bird house with a central medallion that presents the goddess Tellux.

Baths and hot springs

The Romans were great fans of public baths among them we highlight the baths of the Moravian queen and the palaces. These constructions are almost of the same size and constructive characteristics, based on concrete and brick and whose walls would be covered with marble. Also its plant is similar, with a central pool inside a nave topped by an apse, and with numerous annexes. All this suggests that these baths are dated in the first half of the second century after Christ