Medina Azahara

It tells the story, wrapped in a certain legend, that the Caliph Abderrahman III, in the year 936, after fulfilling a promise to his beloved favorite, he built, a palace a few kilometers from the Caliph capital, large salons and surrounded by majestic gardens in the image and likeness of the city of Granada, where it came from, that citadel, was named as the beloved of the caliph Azahara, with the name of Medina Azahara.
• The possibly exaggerated story tells us that the caliph built the site as an imitation of the eastern cities and to take the court to a place of entertainment away from the capital, possibly influenced by intrigues and corruption.
• The name of the city Madinat Azahara, means the bright city, and its architecture with the Andalusian and Umayyad elements are worthy of traveling in a space located on the slopes of the Sierra Morena and from which it is still being excavated to bring it to light new discoveries.
• North Gate.
• The north gate opened directly to the capital Caliph arranged as a defense for the citadel, with a cabin for the guards. This door was constituted by ashlars shaped like a rope and a blight.
• Upper basilical building
• The function is not really known, but it is called that because it has a basilical shape, formed in brick. The walls were painted white and the socket in red, as decoration of the arches.
• The floor of the enclosure, which is still preserved, was made of brick. The walls were painted white and the socle was made of red ocher, both of which are also used in the decoration of the arches. The columns formed by the nesting capital and the red ones of compound type.
• We continued with the Great Portico, it was originally constituted by fifteen arches, being the horseshoe central arch and the other fourteen arches.
• However, the most emblematic building of the Campus is the Rich Room, possibly being the place to celebrate celebrations and parties. We can not fail to contemplate the structure of horseshoe arches with polychrome decoration supported by marble columns with a nesting capital and creating a diaphanous space. It has a basilica plan structure with a central axis, the rest of the surface of the wall was covered entirely with fine decorative panels carved in marble and with walls decorated with astronomical and cosmological motifs.
• The Alhama mosque was built well oriented to Mecca, unlike the one in Cordoba, with a prayer room and another one for ablutions. The prayer room consists of five longitudinal naves, separated by arcades formed each by eight horseshoe arches perpendicular to the wall of the quibla.

• The pool house is located west of Ya’far’s house. The main part of the building is a central courtyard with a pool. Two of the arcades that overlook the courtyard are conserved, each formed by three horseshoe arches and decorated with atauriques.The bathroom of the house of about 80 square meters is also conserved.It is believed that in this house resided the caliph Alhakén II.
• The Royal House and the house of Yafar, are also two spaces with horseshoe arches decoration and brick pavement. Both the facades of the main rooms and the interior covers were decorated with ataurique carved in stone plates adhered to the walls
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