Monastery of San Clemente

The foundation of this monastery occurs just after the Christian conquest by Ferdinand III and is founded on the same day of the Feast of San Clemente. For this reason the monastery of the order of Cister was built

But the desire of the monarch could not come true until years later. In fact the first certain news that the Monastery of San Clemente is formed by a religious community, at the head of which is an abbess, is 1284. This is a decisive year in the history of our community. This monastery becomes Real when it passes to the protection of King Alfonso X and under the control of Don Remondo

This monastery, today is an architectural jewel of Seville and of great religious sentiment since it is occupied by nuns of the Cistercian order, and whose craft is the work of the bakery (well-known sweets and pastries), making candles (very important in Holy Week processions) and manual works such as the creation of rosaries.

Architecturally, the building has many styles since its founding date but highlights its Renaissance and Baroque parts created throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

However, the part of greater beauty, religiosity and artistic quality corresponds to the interior, with numerous works

One of the parts of greater artistic quality is the Main Altarpiece which is formed by the following structures.

Two bodies, three streets, a double attic and a bench.

a niche in each of the streets and located between columns Corinth type, topped by a split pediment, and a figure of an angel.

The niches, on the Gospel side attached to the Gospel, show the image of Saint Benedict of Nursia, Father of Western monasticism. The history of his life tells us that he lived during the fifth and sixth centuries. Being still young, while studying in Rome and seeing the disaster of the life lived there, he retired to Subiaco, where he lived as a hermit for 3 years. Its fame becomes worldwide, and founds Montecassino in Italy, and in its name are founded numerous monasteries spread across Europe, being known for its sanctity and the balance of its rules. San Benito is located in the monastery because the Cistercian order derives from a reform of the Benedictine order, which occurred around the 11th century.

Another of the important saints of the order is San Bernardo, located on a base, next to the Epistola. He was the first to enter with about thirty companions in Citaux, the first monastery of this order with an austerity very different from the one used in a medieval monastery. However, although it was not a desired type of life, the saint’s ability made him open and found more monasteries throughout the French territory, thus extending his rules, through his writings.

Another saint to highlight is San Clemente, patron and owner of the order whose image is framed by a semicircular arch.

Saint Clement was the third pope of Rome, so there is talk of a close relationship between him, Saint Paul and Saint Peter. Possibly, he was a collaborator in the foundation of the Church of Philippi, according to the facts of the apostles.

In the second body between the columns of Corinth order we have, in the niches with two figures belonging to the kings of Hispanics. On the side of the Gospel is San Fernando and on the side of the epistle San Hermenegildo.

In the central niche stands out the figure of the Immaculate Virgin (dogma of great importance in the Seville of the Baroque and of which numerous works stand out) guarded by two angels with an anagram indicating his name and the figure of the Holy Spirit.

As an auction to the altarpiece is an architrave, a frieze in the center embroidered with a series of ornaments reminiscent of triglyphs and which are on patterned columns.

The next part is the attic, formed by two bodies. One with the Son, Jesus Crucified, by the author Felipe and Gaspar de Ribas (1639-1647). The one on the side of the epistle and looking up and in his hand a flame that could well be charity.

The Altarpiece of San Juan Bautista. S.XVII.Es another of the works and was commissioned initially to Gaspar Núñez Delgado at the beginning of the seventeenth century if as the reliefs shown. They also stand out as Francisco de Ocampo artists and was completed with the paintings and polychromy of Francisco Pacheco influenced by the Mannerist Seville.

Another work is the Virgin of the Kings, from the 18th century, similar to the one in the Royal Chapel of the Cathedral of Seville. The titular image is “to dress” and follows the model of the one preserved in the Royal Chapel of the Cathedral. The sculptures of San Francisco de Asís and San Bernardo accompany the titular image.

Finally, we emphasize the roof, as the last artistic work and that is formed by five cloths with a typical Mudejar decoration.

The Monastery is included within the Murillo Route.