Archaeological Museum of Seville (Romano)

The archaeological museum of Seville, contains a large collection of remains and Roman art, mainly from the city, the ruins of Italica and towns such as Ecija or Carmona. Equally the museum space has some funds not yet cataloged and waiting for the extension of it.

 Within the Roman route we proceed to indicate you the main singular works to be found in this period:

Opus tessellatum.

 3rd century AD

 Origin
Comments

 It shows us the representation of the Triumph of Bacchus – the Greek Dionysus – on the return of his conquest of India.. We can see the god, dressed in cloak, driving a chariot drawn by tigers, and with a satyr on his side. . Ariadna, appears at his side with his naked torso. Both bear the head crowned with branches. Here it is related that on returning from the East, Dionysus rescued Ariadna from the island of Naxos, where she had been abandoned by Theseus, and married her. We can see something similar in the Roman villa of Fuente Álamo (Puente Genil, Córdoba).  This vision is very frequent in African and Hispanic mosaics. La The appearance adopted by the satyr is similar to that of the god Eros.

 Senate consulted by Cneo Piso:

Engraved bronze

One of the most important legal pieces preserved in this museum.  It is believed that there are six copies although some of them in a broken state.The resolutions of the Senate of Rome against Cneo Piso are mentioned, after being judged and sentenced to death for the murder of Germanicus, apparently by poisoning using a supposed witch. reaching the maximum degree of ostracism for Pisón, the destruction of his images and the elimination of his name from the public inscriptions “damnatio memoriae” are ordered, as well as the confiscation of his assets and those of his collaborators as they were done in this time of beginnings of the empire. Basically it was done to protect the Emperor Tiberius since it was thought he could be involved

Trajan

 Sculpted marble and trepan.

 early 1st century AD

Origin

Typical representation of Emperor Trajan’s hero, appearing naked and with a cloak over his left shoulder, falling on his back.  His attitude is that of general in chief (imperator) haranguing his troops. Possibly carry a scepter and a sword.  The statue was discovered in Italica in 1788, having been erected in the time of the Emperor Hadrian.

Venus Venus

Sculpted marble.

 117 AD

 Origin

 Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

 Comments

Representation of the goddess Aphrodite Anadyomene nude emerging from the sea at the time of her birth.  With a companion dolphin and a colocasia leaf in his left hand. The mantle that it covers covers the lower part of the torso from behind, which must have been gathered in front of the pubis with his right hand, which is missing.

Colossal head of Augustus

Sculpted marble.
20-40 AD

 Origin

 Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

Comentarios Comments

It shows the emperor Augusto deified, although with the appearance of a mature man.  It is a large cult statue, with the head and limbs of stone and possibly a wooden structure.

 Bust of Vespasian

Marble, sculpted.
Around 70 AD

Procedencia Origin

 Écija, Seville.

 Comments

. t is a recycled bust of Nero that was reused to change it simply by the head of Vespasian. The folds show even the process of this work.

Adriano

Pentelic marble, sculpted and trephine.

Middle of the 1st century AD

Origin

Itáica, Santiponce, Seville.

Comments

 One of the best portraits of the emperor of Seville preserved today comparable to Rome and other museums.The chest shows relief of the head of the Gorgon Medusa, as a sign of its divine origin.

 Lex Irnitana

Engraved bronze

91 AD

Origin

Herrizas, The Saucejo, Seville.

Comments

Of the ten bronze tables that made up the complete text of La Lex Irnitana – Law of the Municipality Flavio Irnitano – five complete and one fragmented were found. Known as the most complete law on municipalities in Rome. It includes the norms on the municipality as celebrations, habitual life, appointment of judges and other Roman laws such as the granting of citizenship.  Irni was not known anything more than by literary sources but as a result of this discovery it was possible to study and investigate a romanized Iberian people

Tábula Siarensis

Engraved bronze

1st century AD

Procedencia Origin

La Cañada, Utrera, Seville.

 Comments

Its name comes from its origin Siaro (Utrera). Esta This piece is part of one of the two tables where information and provisions on the death of Germanicus as well as the process to be followed against the main suspect Piso are collected.  This one tried to silence the rumors on the possible implication of the emperor Tiberio in the murder of the one who was called to succeed him, his nephew and adopted son Germanicus. This document is an attempt to please the people by honoring a hero of the people. Like that of Piso, this senatorial decree was engraved on numerous bronze copies and publicly exhibited throughout the Empire.

 Bacchic Ara of the Itálica Theater

Marble of Luni-Carrara, sculpted.
1st century AD

 Origin

 Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

 Comments

This piece is part of a set of three cylindrical aras with dance scenes of maenads and satyrs in honor of the god Bacchus.

 Statue of Fortune

 Marble alabaster, sculpted and trephine.
Height, 85 cm
Centuries I-II AD

 Origin

 Seville

 Comments

It is a representation of the goddess Fortuna with its attributes of which only the boot on the right side of the figure is preserved.. It appeared inside a well next to numerous sculptural fragments, during the construction of the neighborhood of La Barzola back in the 70s.

Diana

Trephine marble.

 2nd century AD

 Origin

Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

 Comments

A representation of the goddess Diana Huntress with her field attributes resting on a tree.

 Elder bust

 Sculpted marble.
AD 100-117

Origin

 Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

 Comments

The lack of coordination in the size of head and toga, suggests that this work was made by two different craftsmen.

Ex-voto of feet

Marble engraving.
2nd century AD

 Origin

 Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

Comments

This group of votive offerings shows divinities of Eastern origin, such as Isis, Dea Caelestis and Nemesis. They stood at the entrance to the amphitheater of Itálica on the floor as traces of those gods had passed by.

Head of Alexander the Great

Sculpted marble and trepan.

 2nd century AD

Origin

Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

Comments

Idealized portrait of Alexander as Helios.

Mercury

Sculpted marble.
2nd century AD

 Origin

Itálica, Santiponce, Seville.

 Comments

Representation of Mercury, with its typical attributes, such as the caduceus -which is missing-, the wings on the feet and the lyre.  Possibly holding the god Dionysus. El torso se descubrió en 1788 y la pierna derecha en 1901. The torso was discovered in 1788 and the right leg in 1901. The work seems to correspond to the copy of a classic model of s. IV a. IV a. C. C.

Codex Pugillaris

 Bone worked.

Siglo I dC 1st century AD

Origin

The Gandul, Alcalá de Guadaira, Seville.

 Comments

 Typical wax-covered tablets used to write in Roman time, which allowed that in case of mistake could be erased .. The name is given because its size fit in the fist of a hand.