More than 3000 years ago, the Phoenician civilization brought us from the east the cultivation of the vine. With that we discovered the route of the sherry wine.
They soon discovered that the location on some limestone hills and the persistent marine influence would create a suitable condition for this.
On the coasts of Cadiz and in the Jerez countryside for centuries has been cultivated a denomination of origin of wine of great renown world-wide.
Around the wine route we will discover the triangle of the three localities that form as well as everything related to the wine.
The origin of this wine route, we started it in the town of Doña Blanca, in the port of Santa Maria. The town of Doña Blanca was a Phoenician settlement located between Jerez and the Puerto of Santa Maria.
This historic Phoenician city was located in the estuary of the Guadalete River. Here we can see the vastness of its ruins, especially the walls, the remains of the square houses and the lagares where the wine was already prepared.
This is the beginning of the wine route, in the port of Santa Maria, a legendary city founded by the Greek Menesteo after the Trojan War.
The city was historic since Roman times had activity related to the wine industry. In the museum of the Hospitalito we can find remains of this epoch.
This city was also port of neighboring Jerez and had its importance in the Andalusian era.
Likewise in the Christian period, in the time of Alfonso X the wise, the city was of great importance. Today we have the castle of San Marcos built on an ancient Islamic castle.
Its conservation is excellent and is one of the tourist spots of the city. However the city when most important has is at the time of the discoveries.
This is where Christopher Columbus contracts the services of the owner Juan of the thing whose first map of America we know. A replica in tiles is preserved next to the castle of San Marcos.
In the later centuries, it had the importance of the oenological industry as well as being an important place in the Napoleonic Wars.
Many historical buildings were used as forts or barracks of the French. Many of these buildings have been rehabilitated and others have been lost.
However one of the claims are the different wineries that you can visit and check out.
This is similar to Jerez de la Frontera, capital of the wine of its denomination of origin, city with uncertain origin but large number of civilizations.
Its historic quarter shows the Alcazar as a almohad period building that watched over the countryside.
In fact the wine industry did not stop working in Islamic times, quite the opposite. In the 11th century, boats were leaving the port of Santa Maria with barrels of wine to England.
It began to put in vogue the wine of Origin seris, that with the English transcription was said Sherry of there its current name,
The wines generated in this region are of exceptional quality. They are basically the following:
- Fino: Obtained by biological ageing under Velo. Three-year period. Bright, dry and light golden colour.
- Manzanilla: Fino de Sanlúcar de Barrameda. Bright yellow Color. Apple Aroma. It’s dry wine.
- Amontillado: With mixed breeding of at least five years. A first crianza acquires aromas of almonds. The other crianza aromas of wood and Melilla. Reddish-Amber Color.
- Pierre Ximenez: With grapes of the same name sunny until becoming houses.
- Loving: Fragrant wines mixed with sweet wine for ageing.
- The Fino and Manzanilla wine is obtained in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, the end of the Guadalquivir River. This town also has its history not only for its wine industry.
The city since time immemorial has been united to the river Guadalquivir. Remains of Phoenician and Tartesia epoch have been found in its vicinity.
The northern and upper part of the city corresponds to the medieval city, with its zigzag streets. You can visualize the Mudejar church of the 14th century.
Right next door is the palace of Medina Sidonia whose origin is from the 11th century and with a large historical library which you can visit.
As medieval remains, we find the Cuesta de las Covachas downhill towards Bajo de Guia. Gothic remains of the palace previously said.
And finally we find the castle of Santiago, the fifteenth century. As the story goes, it was the first place, from where Queen Isabel of Castile saw the sea for the first time.
However Sanlúcar has its greatest importance at the time of the discoveries. The city was the starting point of one of the four trips from Columbus to America.
It was also a place linked to the circumnavigation of the Earth for the first time. The streets of the city remember this historical fact.
However, the wine route is intrinsically linked to this locality, origin of voyages of the discovery of America.