Phoenician Route

There was by the second millennium before Christ, a civilization located on the Mediterranean coasts of the Near East and formed by state cities that did not manage to form a great state. Their location on the coast, and separated only by the current mountains of Lebanon from the powerful Assyrian empire, prevented them from spreading inland so that a great central state was never created.
That area was known as Phenicia, was formed by the autonomous cities of Tire, Sidon and Byblos and due to lack of space and the permanent harassment of their Assyrian neighbors, began a period of expansion across the Mediterranean to different points of Mare Nostrum following a cabotage navigation system.
This type of navigation that kept them at a safe distance from the coasts, allowed them to protect themselves from Hyksos or Hittite pirates that could ruin their commercial expansive desires. Actually the Phoenicians did not seek to conquer, but to trade with their own products and look for others that they did not find in their land.
For years they spread through Greece, Cyprus, Italy, northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. They founded factories that in principle were not for colonial settlement, but as an exchange of products with indigenous populations although the case of Carthage, gave rise to a new power in the Mediterranean in later times.
The tradition indicates that the Phoenicians founded Gadir (Cádiz) as the first settlement in Western Europe in the early 1100 a.c, but actually the oldest remains of the city of Cadiz date from the 8th century BC.
In the following years they founded besides Gadir, the Village of Doña Blanca, Abdera, Malaka, Sexi, or Abdera, as commercial exchange factories or salted fish factory. The Phoenicians sought in the Iberian Peninsula metals such as copper, tin and silver, and they exchanged tissues of Phoenician of supreme quality, however the Phoenicians introduced into the peninsula other elements that would be unthinkable not to have them today. The Phoenicians introduced the alphabet (limited writing with a small number of symbols), the vine, the olive tree and the chicken (domesticated animal originating in India).
The Phoenicians were the first to cross the Strait of Gibraltar and possibly traded with the British Isles and the Equatorial African Coasts so they were the first long-distance sailors and pioneers in Matter.
They were not great conquerors or had a great nation but they were the initiators of the germ of globalization and brought to our land elements and products that the Indians did not have, as well as a different form of square construction in opposition to the round construction of the indigenous .

 On this route, we will discover the ruins and remains of the Phoenician civilization with a route with described audio device. Access the map and discover it