Mozarabic route Málaga- Córdoba


The first of the routes departs from Malaga, leaving from the Church of Santiago el Apóstol, a symbol for this Jacobean route. This church is a clear example of the art of the Christian conquerors and Islamic architecture, an example of Gothic-Mudejar from the late fifteenth century. We should not stop contemplating the Mudejar bell tower.
The altarpieces and the interior are Baroque in the early eighteenth century. In the chapels of the nave of the Epistle, the images of the Sacramental Brotherhood of Jesus of the Sentence, the Virgin of the Rosary and the Christ of Medinaceli are worshiped.After leaving the capital of the Costa del Sol, we crossed the mountains with an abrupt and hard landscape, which shows us the difficulties that this type of pilgrimage entailed years ago, finding us on the way such spectacular landscapes of nature as the Torcal de Antequera, before arriving in the city with the same name.

The arrival to the city of Antequera receives us with the majestic image of its Arab Alcazaba, the first vision of the Arabized Christians upon arrival. Likewise, the visit to the Royal Collegiate Church of Santa María la Mayor is a religious building of Renaissance origin that represents the origin of the return of Christianity to these lands.

The exit of the city of Antequera, shows us in the way the vision of those Christians of the remains of the prehistoric dolmens with the bottom of the mountain of Archidona.

Leaving the ancient city known in Roman times as Atikaria, we went north to enter the province of Córdoba before reaching the Sierras Subbéticas. The first important locality is the city of Lucena, city of past, Roman, Muslim and Christian. We arrive at its nerve center in the Plaza de San Miguel, where the parish of San Mateo is located, one of the best preserved Renaissance jewels of the 16th century Cordovan countryside to which the chapel of the Sagrario joins, a jewel of the baroque of the eighteenth century. This church was originally a synagogue so in the Middle Ages the Mozarabs would be indirectly received by the Hebrews. More religious monuments are the Church of the Apostle Santiago, the Santo Domingo e or the Monastery of San José.

Upon entering the Subbética Cordobesa, we arrive at the city of Cabra, located in the foothills, a wonderful town full of heritage and history and considered by some as the geographic center of Andalusia. The city with its walls and its castle represents the Roman and Muslim past with its neighborhood of the Hill and its whitewashed streets remembering what the Mozarabs would find during the pilgrimage.

From the top of the wall, you can see the town and the rest of the region as a point of dominion of the region. Within the city churches are of great historical and monumental value, such as the Church of our Assumption of the thirteenth century, the Church of San Juan de Dios of the seventeenth century or the oldest temple in the city, that of San Juan Bautista, century VII with a pilaster dated in 688 and that constitutes the oldest Marian invocation of the Diocese of Córdoba. Legend has it that it was here that El Cid acquired the name.

The next town bordering the natural park of the Sierras Subbeticas is Baena after passing through Doña Mecía. Baena is a meeting area with the other part of the Mozarabic route coming from Granada and Jaén. The religious monuments also stand out in this penultimate place before reaching the Caliphate capital, such as the Church of Santa María la Mayor or the Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe, without forgetting the castle of Baena, from the 9th century.

After leaving Baena and touring the countryside, we arrive in Cordoba, crossing the Roman bridge to meet the mosque, now converted into a cathedral and representing the power of the Umayyad dynasty.

Cordoba is a point and apart in the Mozarabic route since in this case we have spoken since its origin in Malaga, however, the other two routes that depart from Almería and Jaén, also reach the capital of the Caliphate.