Located in a magnificent landscape of the Sierra de Andújar, with a Mediterranean forest nestled in the natural park of the same name, we find a church on a hill that dominates an entire area and seems to come out of other times. It is the Sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza, the place of veneration of the oldest pilgrimage in Spain and where the virgin is venerated since the 13th century, shortly after the conquest of Christian troops and the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa.
The Marian invocation begins with the appearance of the virgin to a pastor, which gave rise to a pilgrimage that began immediately. A virgin with medieval Gothic dyes was created and modeled and the first sanctuary of protection and place of rest of the virgin was built.
This sanctuary suffered the ravages of time for several centuries and the construction that has come to current days corresponds to the restoration of the great Renaissance architect Andrés de Vandelvira back in the sixteenth century.
The virgin was crowned by papal bull in 1909 being patron of Andújar and later in 1959 by Pope John XXIII patron of the archdiocese of Jaén. Comment that this double recognition came because during the Civil War in which the sanctuary was almost destroyed, the original image of medieval origin was lost forever, and had to be replaced by another that was also crowned canonically.
The celebration of the pilgrimage takes place on the last Sunday of April, in which the brotherhoods of the whole of Spain as well as the titular brotherhood of Andújar, make a pilgrimage to the hill where the Marian shrine is located.
The brotherhoods are received by the mayor of the town that begins a procession of promotion.